Görme Engelli Kime Denir?

 

Görme engelliliği, tıbbi açıdan ve işlevsel açıdan olmak üzere iki farklı şekile tanımlayabiliriz. Uluslararası literatürde yer alan körlüğün tıbbi tanımına göre, bütün düzeltmelere rağmen görme gücü 20/200 fitt’den daha fazla olmayan kişiler kör olarak tanımlanır. Yani, normal gören bir kişinin 200 fit uzaklıktaki bir mesafeden gördüğü birşeyi, ancak 20 fit’ten görebilen kişi kör olarak tanımlanır. Bu mesafeleri metre olarak vermek gerekirse, görme düzeyi normal olan bir kişinin 60 metreden gördüğü birşeyi ancak 6 metreden görebilen kişiler resmen görme özürlü olarak kabul edilirler. Bir gözü görmeyen fakat diğer gözü tamamen sağlam olan kişiler resmi anlamda kör veya az gören olarak kabul edilmemektedirler.

Gören bir kişinin gözünü kullanarak yaptığı şeyleri, Görme özürlünün sahip olduğu görme gücüyle ve alternatif teknikler, özel araçlar yoluyla yapma düzeyine ve kapasitesine ise, fonksiyonel (işlevsel) görme denir. Fonksiyonel görme, bir kişinin iş görme düzeyini ve kapasitesini gösterir. Örneğin, az gören iki kişiyi düşünelim. doktor tarafından yapılan tıbbi teşhis sonucu her ikisi de aynı düzeyde görme gücüne sahip olsun. Tıbbi açıdan bu kişilerin görme düzeyleri aynı olduğu halde, fonksiyonel açıdan düzeyleri farklı olabilir. Çünkü, verilen eğitim sayesinde birinin görme gücünü diğerinden daha iyi ve daha avantajlı kullanma becerisine sahip olması gerçekleşecektir.

Bir kişinin hangi düzeyde gördüğüyle, bu görme düzeyiyle neler yapabildiği biribirinden farklıdır. Eğitsel ve fonksiyonel görmeye ilişkin tanımlama eğitimciler tarafından yapılabilir. Bir göz doktoru az gören bir kişinin görme düzeyini ölçerken birkaç dakikalık okuma testlerine ve diğer muayene yöntemlerine baş vurur. Oysa, az gören bir öğrencinin ders çalışırken, kitap okurken, sınıfta tahtaya bakarken, laboratuvarda deney yaparken ve izlerken, oyun oynarken, gözlerini hangi düzeyde yararlı şekilde kullanabildiğini, ne gibi olumsuz durumlarla karşılaştığını, alınması gereken tedbirlerin neler olacağını bir eğitimci değerlendirebilir. Bu değerlendirme sayesinde, hangi alanlarda çocuğun mevcut görme gücünden nasıl yararlanması, hangi alternatif tekniklerin öğretilmesi, hangi özel araç-gereçlerin kullanılması gerektiğine karar verir.

Doktor raporu görme özürlü bir kişinin iş gücü kaybını veya kapasitesini belirleyemez. Sadece onun görme kaybını ve mevcut görme düzeyini belirleyebilir.

Bir doktor raporuna göre görme kaybı yüzdeyüz olan bir kişinin iş gücü kaybı da yüzdeyüz demek değildir. Ancak şu andaki uygulamalara göre, bazı görme özürlü kişiler için düzenlenen doktor raporlarında, iş gücü kaybı yüzde yüzdür, şeklinde tanımlamalar yer almaktadır. Bu kesinlikle yanlış bir değerlendirmedir. Bir doktorun yapması gereken şey, iş gücü kaybıyla ilgili değerlendirme değil, özürlülük oranıyla ilgili değerlendirme olmalıdır. Örneğin, Gitar çalan profesyonel bir müzisyeni düşünelim. Eğer bu müzisyen herhangi bir kazayla bir kolunu kaybederse  bu alandaki iş gücü kaybı yüzdeyüzdür. Oysa bir kolunu dirsekten kaybeden kişinin özürlülük oranı tıbbi açıdan yüzde 32 olarak belirlenmektedir. Bu müzisyen eğer iki gözünü kaybetmiş olsaydı elleri sağlam olduğu için aynı düzeyde gitar çalmaya devam edecekti. Sürdürülmekte olan yanlış uygulamaya göre, bir kolunu kaybetmiş olan müzisyene verilen doktor raporunda iş gücü kaybı yüzde 32, iki gözünü kaybeden müzisyene verilen raporda ise, işgücü kaybı yüzdeyüz gibi çelişkili bir değerlendirme yapılmaktadır. Oysa Enstürman çalan bir müzisyen için kolunu kaybetmek gözünü kaybetmekten çok daha büyük bir iş gücü kaybıdır.

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#4 Görme Engelli Kime Denir?Laura 19-09-2017 21:22
Tadalafil is used to deal with male sexual perform issues (impotence or erectile dysfunction-ED).

Together with sexual stimulation, tadalafil works by rising blood circulation to the penis to assist a man get
and keep an erection.


Tadalafil can be used to deal with the signs of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia-BPH).
It helps to relieve signs of BPH akin to issue in starting the stream
of urine, weak stream, and the necessity to urinate steadily or urgently (together with throughout the center of the night time).
Tadalafil is thought to work by stress-free the sleek muscle within the prostate and bladder.



OTHER Makes use of: This part comprises makes use of of this drug that aren't listed within the accredited skilled labeling for the drug however which may be prescribed by your well being care skilled.

Use this drug for a situation that's listed on this part provided that it has
been so prescribed by your well being care skilled.



Tadalafil can also be out there in one other model for treating excessive blood stress within the lungs (pulmonary
hypertension).


How to make use of Cialis

Read the Affected person Data Leaflet offered by your pharmacist earlier than you begin taking tadalafil and every time you get
a refill. If in case you have any questions, ask your physician or pharmacist.



Take this treatment by mouth, with or with out meals, as directed by
your physician. Don't take tadalafil extra usually than as soon as
each day.


To deal with the signs of BPH, take this treatment as directed by your physician, often as soon as a day.
If you're additionally taking finasteride with this medicine to deal with signs of BPH,
speak along with your physician about how lengthy it is best
to proceed taking this medicine.


To deal with erectile dysfunction-ED, there are 2 ways in which tadalafil could also be prescribed.

Your physician will decide which is one of the simplest ways so that you can take tadalafil.
Comply with your physician's instructions precisely since your dosage will depend on how you're taking
it. The primary approach is to take it as wanted, often at
the least half-hour earlier than sexual exercise.

Tadalafil's impact on sexual capability might final as much as 36 hours.



The second solution to deal with ED is to take tadalafil often, as soon as a day on daily basis.
If you are taking it this manner, you might try sexual exercise at any time between your doses.



If you take tadalafil to deal with each ED and BPH, take it as directed by your physician, often as soon as a day.
You could try sexual exercise at any time between your doses.



If you're taking tadalafil as soon as every day for BPH, or for ED, or for each, take
it usually to get probably the most profit
from it. That will help you remember, take it at the identical time every day.



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#3 Görme Engelli Kime Denir?Joni 19-09-2017 01:53
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#2 Görme Engelli Kime Denir?Elwood 18-09-2017 14:45
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Get a glimpse at 5 eating regimen pointers to get began your regular therapy for
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five Dieting Ideas to Treatment Male Impotence

Male impotence is induced from lack of blood circulation, however you
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one. Continually determine on whole grains,
contemporary new, unrefined and unprocessed meals. Forestall quickly foods, canned, and
frozen meals.


two. Go to the create aisle! Load up on refreshing fruits and veggies!


three. Lower your consumption of animal objects!
You should Avoid meals with larger cholesterol resembling meals from animals or animal
merchandise.


four. Fiber a tremendous buddy! Devour meals which can be
massive in fiber which include grains, lettuce, fruits and
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Pears, Blueberries, Apples (with pores and pores and skin), Strawberries, Peas, Baked Potatoes, Spaghetti (complete
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Further Suggestion: Attempt to eat extra compact
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A high-quality suggestion is to attempt to eat 5-six foods
each single day all across the dimensions of your fist.


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#1 Görme Engelli Kime Denir?Chau 18-09-2017 03:01
Levitra is taken by male individuals solely and is supposed to
assist them acquire their robust erection again. Levitra will assist
the eighty % of males patients regardless of how aged they're, providing them again the strong
erection during its effectiveness and permitting them have intercourse the strategy it usually occurred prior to now.
Levitra will show you how to by coping with the blood
circulation points and sending extra blood to the cells
of the penis, which inevitably will induce an even bigger erection and can allow executing sexually.

You'll nonetheless require to discuss along with your medical skilled any sort of medical issues you could have,
since a number of of them are important to recollect when figuring out your dosage.
Your physician will definitely must be notified of the next
ones: stomach lesion, liver sickness, leukemia, current
report of a coronary heart strike or stroke, hypertension, coronary heart downside, diminished
blood stress, previous of imaginative and prescient discount, sickle cell anemia, renal system situation, listening to or eyesight
points, seizures, a previous of cardiac arrest, a previous of Lengthy QT disorder, bodily deformity of the penis,
coronary heart tempo points, plenty of myeloma or hemophilia, nonetheless there might be different disorders you will definitely require to go
over.


You will definitely must make sure you speak about anything that could be of significance, since every thing info
is to your physician to make certain you're going to learn from the Levitra
dose you will be taking. Your physician would require to level out
any form of risk points or imaginative and prescient
issues, resembling greater cholesterol ranges, hypertension, diabetic points, smoking,
a report of coronary heart downside, being older than FIFTY or pre-present eye issues.
Your medical skilled will definitely likewise intend
to talk along with your relating to the chance of establishing unusual vital detrimental unwanted effects
of Levitra like lack of breath, uneven pulsation, priapism, breast discomfort, queasiness, ringing in your ears, abrupt imaginative and prescient discount, sweating, fainting, puffinessing in your fingers or toes, imaginative and prescient modifications, common sick
feeling, large sensation, discomfort spreading out to the arm
or shoulder, abrupt listening to loss, gentle-headedness or seizure.
These are strongly extraordinarily unlikely in absolutely the
majority of individuals however are nonetheless possible and
might impression your nicely-being. In scenario
you get any of these at any type of level for you process, you'll have to forestall making
use of any type of much more of Levitra and get in touch with your physician the faster
the significantly better. In the event you had been knowledgeable by your physician to keep away from having
intercourse because of coronary heart troubles that may be affected additional, you have to not be taking
Levitra.


As an entire, Levitra individuals aren't most certainly to determine any kind of abnormal reactions.
Most patients will definitely endure Levitra with none kind of opposed results in anyway, whereas others may acquire lightheadedness , heat within the face or chest, ache within the again, headache, soreness within the face or neck,
dripping nostril, indigestion or stuffy nostril. It is
important that you are taking Levitra not
much more regularly in contrast to each 24 hours and continuously observe your dose.

There's a risk your Levitra quantity would possibly actually must be
adjusted later. This will concern any of your gentle facet impacts persevering with or the short you take different
medicines like antidepressants , prazosin,
tamsulosin, clarithromycin, alfuzosin, ketoconazole,
procainamide, itraconazole, miconazole, HIV/AIDS remedy,
amiodarone, terazosin, sotalol, doxazosin, dalfopristin, blood stress medicines, imatinib, erythromycin, voriconazole, conivaptan, isoniazid or telithromycin. Since each might have an effect on the effectivity of Levitra in various means, Make sure you keep away from the utilization of liquor and grapefruit juice.
You'll continually have to permit your physician recognise if you happen to suppose Levitra shouldn't
be working for you but by no means surpass the quantity,
as you would possibly create eyesight points, ache within the again or muscular tissue discomfort.



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